What is Toughened Glass - Chiefway Malaysia Trusted Smart Glass Solution Provider Malaysia

What is Toughened Glass, and How Does Smart Glass Compare?

Glass is fast becoming a major building component in modern architecture due to its numerous benefits.

Due to its advantages, more commercial building owners are incorporating toughened, smart, and laminated glass fixtures into their designs.

But what is toughened glass, and what is toughened glass used for?

Continue reading to understand the benefits of toughened glass and how it compares to flexible privacy glass.

What is Toughened Glass?

Frameless safety glass shower door. Source: Pinterest
Frameless safety glass shower door. Source: Pinterest

Toughened or tempered glass is a type of safety glass made by heating standard glass to very high temperatures and rapidly cooling the molten glass with a jet of cold air.

This rapid cooling of molten annealed glass, known as the thermal tempering process, imparts the glass with a high strength score.

This process causes the outer surface of the normal glass pane to gain surface compressive stress and internal tensile stress on the inside.

How Does Toughened Glass Compare to Smart Glass?

Switchable smart glass is another popular glass type widely used in high-rise buildings and other commercial construction projects.

So, which is better for your commercial buildings, smart or toughened glass?

1. Strength and Durability

Toughened safety glass is generally stronger and more durable than smart glass.

Due to the glass toughening process, tempered glass is up to five times stronger than ordinary glass, which isn’t the case for smart glass.

That’s why tempered or toughened glass finds applications in frameless shower doors, shop windows, frameless glass doors, and glass shelves.

2. Transparency Control

Thanks to its advanced smart glass technology, switchable glass excels in flexible transparency and instantly turns glass fixtures opaque or transparent.

In contrast, toughened tempered glass doesn’t offer flexible transparency and remains permanently clear unless tinted during manufacture.

3. Safety

Toughened glass, also known as tempered glass, offers a clear safety advantage over switchable privacy glass.

Safety glass offers shatter resistance, which means toughened glass breaks into small granular chunks instead of large, sharp shards associated with smart glass.

Tempered safety glass can also withstand high temperatures thanks to its heat-tempering production process, making it suitable for high thermal shock areas like oven doors, refrigerator trays, and shower enclosures.

4. Privacy

Smart glass offers users dynamic and instant privacy, unlike toughened glass.

Flexible privacy glass uses advanced technology to turn instantly opaque or transparent, improving flexible privacy, unlike safety glass.

This smart glass feature makes it popular in high-privacy areas, like a smart office, banking room, conference room, or hospital examination room.

5. Technological Integration

Smart glass offers more technological integrations than toughened glass simply because the former is built with technology in mind.

Flexible privacy glass offers electrical, automatic impact, motion, heat sensors, and security integration like surveillance and access control, and smart home integrations.

Toughened and tempered glass supports a few integrations, including soundproofing, heat-reflective coatings, and bulletproofing, leaving smart glass as the clear favorite in this category.

6. Aesthetic Appeal

The aesthetic appeal of a toughened or smart glass window, door, or wall depends on the user.

Smart glass fixtures offer dynamic visual appeal with their ability to switch between clear and opaque states, while their technological touch and color options enhance modern design aesthetics and versatility.

On the other hand, tempered glass offers a clean and timeless look, suitable for minimalist or traditional styles. Its tinting options enhance privacy and visual interest, while the textured finishes add depth.

Using smart glass for office, hotels, airports, and other modern buildings is the more aesthetically appealing choice.

7. Longevity and Maintainance

Toughened and laminated glass is generally more durable than smart glass due to its heat treatment production technology, making it scratch and impact-resistant.

Likewise, maintaining tempered glass fixtures is also easier since it only requires basic maintenance and easy cleaning with soap and water.

In contrast, energy-saving smart glass lasts for a shorter period and requires greater maintenance.

Here is a table summarizing the differences between smart and toughened glass.

PropertySmart Glass Toughened Glass
Strength & DurabilityWeaker and less durableStronger and more durable
Transparency ControlExcellent transparency controlPoor transparency control
SafetyLess safe. Glass breaks into sharp jagged shardsSafer. Toughened glass breaks into small, blunt pieces.
PrivacyExcellent privacyGood privacy
Technological IntergrationGreater technological integrationLess technological integration
Aesthetic appealMore aesthetically pleasingSimple design
Longevity & MaintainanceLess durable and harder to maintainMore durable and easier to maintain

Summary

Toughened and smart glass are both extensively used in modern architectural designs but boast different properties that the article has highlighted.

Consider incorporating smart glass in your building design, if you need flexible privacy control, high aesthetics, and advanced daylighting.

Contact Chiefway, the most reliable smart glass Malaysia supplier for original products and the best customer care service.

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